Jenny Holzer (b. 1950) is an American conceptual artist who began working with text-based art after moving to New York in 1977. Holzer’s work has been created in a wide variety of mediums, and focuses on language to challenge contemporary consumer culture. She is mostly known for large-scale public displays that include billboard advertisements and projections on buildings, but her controversial texts can also be found on everyday objects such as posters and T-shirts. Holzer was the first woman to represent the U.S. in the Venice Biennale in 1990 where she was awarded the Golden Lion. Solo exhibitions have been held at Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago and the Whitney Museum, New York.