Frank Stella (b. 1936) is an American abstract painter and printmaker, significant in the art movements of Minimalism and post-painterly abstraction. Stella’s first important group show was the Museum of Modern Art’s ‘Sixteen Americans’ held in 1959. His first solo exhibition was at the Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, in 1960. His later work has included paintings with cut-out shapes in relief. Stella’s work has featured in several important exhibitions that defined 1960s art and has been the subject of several retrospectives in the United States, Europe, and Japan. In 2009, Frank Stella was awarded the National Medal of Arts by President Barack Obama.